The Brihanmumbai Mahanagarpalika covers an area of over 437.71
Kms., catering to the civic needs of over 1,19,14,398 Citizens. There
are approximately 1,23,167 employees in different categories. The
Corporation operates an annual budgetory outlay of about Rs.27,000 Crores.
Two different offices which hold the balance of prestige
and powers in the City Government are those of the Mayor of Mumbai and
the Commissioner. The office of Mayor combine a functional role of
Chairing the Corporation meetings as well as ceremonial role associated
with being the first Citizens in the premier City of India. Thus the
Mayor being the ceremonial head symbolizes their Corporation sprit. As
per amended Act besides, the Mayor and a Dy. Mayor is appointed by the
elected councillors. The tenure of the Mayor & the Dy. Mayor shall
be of two and half years provided.
The Commissioner, a key figure in the local self
government, is the executive head and is virtually under constant watch
by the Citizens, Councillors, and the State Administration. Each
section looks upon him expectantly for results in the administration.
The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act 1888, envisages separation of
powers between the deliberative and executive functions making the
Municipal Commissioner theoretically an all powerful executive head.
The important issue, therefore, that characterises the
city government is the relationship between the legislative and policy
making bodies on the one side and the executive and administrative
agencies on the other. This involves a healthy adjustment between the
principle of democracy and the need for an efficient civic
administration devoid of groupism. It rests on three principles:
In the first place, it recognizes the distinction between policy making and policy executions,
Secondly, it entrusts the policy making function to the
corporate body and the policy execution to a single individual the
Thirdly, it makes the Commissioner more or less independent
of the Corporation although the two always work in close co-operation.
The Mumbai Municipal Corporation Act of 1888, within the
framework of which the Corporation and the Commissioner function, has
specified nine statutory collateral authorities charged with the
distinct responsibilities of City Government. Each operates within the
limitations set for it. Though the executive authority vests in the
Municipal Commissioner, the 227 elected representatives, the Municipal
Councillors do exercise general authority over the civic affairs
through budgetory and financial controls by determining taxes and
allocating expenditure approving contracts and other financial
proposals and approving appointments to senior posts.
Out of total 227 seats in the Coporation 5 seats of the
Councillors are reserved for women candidate belonging to Scheduled
Caste and 50 seats are reserved for women from open category.
Of the nine statutory authorities, six are deliberative namely
(a) The Corporation;
(b) The Standing Committee;
(c) The Improvements Committee;
(d) The Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Committee;
(e) The Education Committee and
The Wards Committees; all of whom, excepting the Improvements
Committee, have powers to sanction funds, the remaining three are
(g) The Mayor,
(h) The Municipal Commissioner; and
(i) The General Manager, Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport Undertaking.
Besides, Tree Authority, appointed by the Corporation
consists of 14 Councillor Members (including the Commissioner who is
the Chairperson of the Tree Authority) and the Chairman of the Markets
and Gardens Committee, as an Ex-Officio Member and 10 Co-opted Members
Apart from the five Statutory Committees, the Corporation also has appointed six Special Committees, viz.
(1) The Works Committee (City);
(2) The Works Committee (Suburbs);
(3) The Public Health Committee;
(4) The Markets and Gardens Committee;
(5) The Law, Revenue and General Purposes Committee, and
The Women and Child Welfare Committee, which deal with specified
subjects covered by the designations of these Committees. In addition,
a Consultative Committee viz. Grants-in-Aid Committee has also been
constituted for submitting proposals to the Corporation for awarding
grants to certain institutions.
There are Four Additional Municipal Commissioners and Dy.
Municipal Commissioner/ Jt. Municipal Commissioner/-Director
(Engineering Services and Projects) who assist the Commissioner in the
overall management and supervision of the Administration in this
The centralized administrative system came in for
reorganisation in the year 1964, when for the first time the
decentralized pattern was introduced. The object was to speed up
disposal, improve efficiency and effect economy. In pursuance of this
policy decision, the entire city is divided into six administrative
zones with 24 wards. The six zones are supervised by the Deputy
Municipal Commissioner/Jt. Municipal Commissioners with a certain
number of Asstt. Municipal Commissioner working under them. In all
there are fourteen Deputy Municipal Commissioners which include one
post of Director (Engineering Services & Projects) and out of these
fourteen posts , three are designated as Joint Municipal Commissioner.
Out of these, six are territorial and eight functional. While the
territorial D.M.Cs. are in charge of certain wards, and the remaining
are in charge of certain important departments, there is no rigid
water-tight compartment in their functions and sometimes the functional
Deputy Municipal Commissioners are also asked to supervise some of the
Wards depending upon the exigencies of work in the Corporation.
So far, laws regarding Municipalities were passed mainly
by the State Legislature. The recent 74th Amendment to the Constitution
passed in 1992 has brought about radical changes and for the first time
Municipalities have found a place in the country's constitution. By
virtue of this amendment, the responsibility regarding economic
planning and social justice has devolved on Municipalities, by special
enactment of the State Legislature. The Constitution Amendment Act,
also provides for establishment of Planning Committees for Districts
and Metropolitan areas, as also at the Ward level. In accordance with
this amendment, the Urban Local bodies are required to prepare
co-ordinated plans for comprehensive development of areas within their
jurisdiction and ensure social justice to the people. The plan for
development of Brihanmumbai Mahanagarpalika to be so formulated could
cover the activities not only of the Municipal Corporation but also of
the State and Central Government, their statutory and non-statutory
agencies, corporate and private sectors. The Indian Constitution has
been amended with the purpose of making administration of Local Self
Government more public oriented and decentralise powers. Accordingly,
M.M.C. Act 1888, has been amended adding therein Section 50 TT which
relates to the formation of the Wards Committees in the Jurisdiction of
the Brihanmumbai Mahanagarpalika. The Corporation has, therefore, vide
C. R. No. 1224 of 20-11-1997 form 16 Wards Committees and same are
started functioning from January 2000.
The functions of Wards Committees, as laid down in the M. M. C. Act, are as under
To dispose off expeditiously matters of citizens relating to water
supply, drainage, cleanliness and storm water drains and other basic
amenities and local civic amenities.
To consider proposals of expenditure on different Heads of
Budget provisions relating to the said Wards, recommend the same and
forward to M. C.
To give administrative approval to the plans & estimates
upto Rs. 5 lacks for civic works in the area of Wards Committee for
which certain budget provisions are sanctioned by the Corporation.