Mars Orbiter Mission(India)
Home > About India > Mars Orbiter Mission
Mars Orbiter Mission(India)
On September 24 2014,India became the first country to put spacecraft in the Mars orbit on its first attempt and on a shoestring budget.We congratulate all the scientists of ISRO.
- Name of the vehicle sent for exploration of Mars: Mangalyan
- Cost of Mangalyan: Rs 450 crore (which is one tenth of cost of NASA's mission "Maven" and about three-quarters the budget of the oscar-winning movie Gravity about astronauts stranded in space.)
- Chairman of ISRO which launched MOM: K Radhakrishnan
- For what period the Mangalyan will be in Mars orbit: 6 months
- Weight of the orbiter: 1350 kg
- Distance covered by the orbiter to enter into Mars's orbit: Over 650 million kms
- Time taken to cover this distance: 10 months
- The instruments in orbiter gathering scientific data are powered by: Solar powered
- What will the orbiter probe: It may shed light on Martian weather systems as well as what happened to the water that is believed to have existed once on Mars.It will also search Mars for methane ,a key chemical in life processes on earth.
- The elite club of Martian explorers India has joined: The US,European Space Agency and the former Soviet Union
- What is the strike rate of other countries: USSR:19 attempts,16 failures,3 success.USA:21 attempts,6 failures,15 success.China: 1 attempt,1 failure and no success.China's 2011 mission couldn't even leave the earth's orbit,while Japan's 1998 craft failed a successful orbit insertion
- What was done on 24th September 2014 at ISRO's mission control at Bengaluru to bring orbiter in the orbit of Mars.: It fired the spacecraft's main engine along with eight smaller engines for about 24 minutes starting 7:17 am
- Why was the above action necessary: To slow down the space craft from 22 km /second to 1.6 km/second to allow smooth orbit entry
- Award for the mission : ISRO has been conferred the Space Pioneer Award by the National Space Society(NSS)of the United States for successfully sending a space craft into Mars' orbit.
- Why mission won:According to the NSS,the mission won for two reasons:
1. An Indian spacecraft has gone into orbit around Mars on the very first try.No other country has done this.
2.The spacecraft is in an elliptical orbit with a high apoapsis(the point at which an orbiting object is farthest away from the body it is orbiting.),and has a high resolution camera which is taking full disk colour imagery of Mars."Very few full disk images have ever been taken in the past,mostly on approach to the planet,as most imaging is done looking straight down in mapping mode.These images will aid planetary scientists," the NSS said.
- The award to be conferred in May 2015:The awrd will be presented to an ISRO representative during the 34th Annual International Space Development Conference to be held in Toronto ,Canada between May 29 and 24.
- Who is NSS?:The NSS is an independent non-profit educational membership organisation which aims to expand civilisation beyond earth.
- NSS statement: " The National Space Society takes great pleasure in announcing that its 2015 Space Pioneer Award in the Science and Engineering category has been won by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)Mars Orbiter Progrmme Team."